But what each party wants to accomplish with permitting is different:
For Republicans (and Senator Joe Manchin, the West Virginia Democrat who was key to passing the Inflation Reduction Act last year), an overhaul would mean speeding up fossil-fuel projects like coal-fired power plants.
For Democrats, it would lead to faster approval of clean energy projects and the building of high-voltage transmission lines from those facilities.
A key area of contention is federal pre-emption. Currently, states can reject electrical transmission projects that run through their territory, hampering the country’s energy transition plans. Giving the federal government pre-emption rights, supporters argue, would speed up the adoption of renewable energy, particularly in places where it isn’t generated.
New legislation from Mr. Manchin, backed by the White House, would set time limits for states to approve or deny interstate transmission projects before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, which would assume centralized federal authority on permitting, could step in.
But in recent negotiations, Republicans have proposed resolving the question of federal pre-emption authority down the road, leaving Democrats worried about fulfilling the I.R.A.’s clean-energy goals.
In any case, time is ticking. Ms. Yellen on Monday ratcheted up the language of her warnings about the debt ceiling, saying that it was “highly likely” the U.S. would run out of cash by early June instead of “likely.” And the House speaker, Kevin McCarthy, said that a deal needed to happen this week to avoid default.
In other debt ceiling news: how extreme weather in California brought forward the date of a potential default, and why Republican demands to cut I.R.S. funding could deepen federal budget shortfalls by some $120 billion.