Already a network of so-called interconnectors links Britain to other countries in Europe. But this one, which would take several years to complete, appears to be the first built on the idea of linking an offshore wind farm — in this case, in Dutch waters — to consumers in another country.
News of the deal came as leaders of countries around the North Sea met in Belgium, where they pledged to bolster their already-ambitious offshore wind commitments. Importantly, Britain and Norway, which are not members of the European Union, participated along with E.U. countries like Germany and Belgium.
The sharp reduction of Russian gas flows to Europe after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine last year has highlighted the importance for Europe of developing energy sources that are not dependent on Moscow. European countries had already embraced offshore wind to address climate change.
Denmark, Belgium and other countries are drawing up plans for large energy installations that could include artificial islands capable of handling the power generated from multiple offshore wind farms. Surplus electricity would be used to create a clean fuel like hydrogen for exporting to energy-needy neighbors like Germany.
“I see an investment curve that is only going one way, and that’s up,” Lars Aagaard, Denmark’s minister for climate, energy and utilities, said in a recent interview.